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MORE RATE CUT TO STIMULATE DEMAND
According to the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV), banks are actively offering new soft loan packages to customers. The combined value of this credit package has to date reached VND650 trillion (US$28 billion) with lending rates 1-2% lower than those before the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak. 147,637 customers have borrowed VND553 trillion (US$23.6) since January 23, 2020.
Banks rescheduled repayment terms, reduced interest rates for customers adversely affected by Covid-19, and rearranged repayment terms for 170,746 customers who borrowed VND128.21 trillion; exempted and lowered interest rates and preserved indebtedness categories for 14,372 customers which borrowed VND28,441 billion; and slashed existing interest rates for 318,528 customers with a loan balance of VND980,163 billion. The new interest rates are 0.5-2% lower than the previous rates. Even some credit institutions lowered their lending rates by 2.5-4% lower than those before the outbreak.
Lower rates with more flexible terms
Lending rates offered by commercial banks extended the downward trend in May 2020.
Four state-owned banks (Agribank, Vietcombank, VietinBank and BIDV) has cut their lending rates by 1.5-2% per annum on trillions of Vietnamese dong. Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (Vietcombank) has accepted a profit decrease by VND2,240 billion to share hardships with corporate borrowers. The lender has simultaneously slashed lending rates from now till September 30, 2020. An outstanding loan of nearly VND113 trillion lent to industries/sectors affected by Covid-19 is imposed preferential interest rates, by 0.5-1.5% lower than common commercial rates. At the same time, Vietcombank will further expand its rate cut by 1-1.5% for existing loans (from April 30 to September 30). This move will cause the lender’s profit to decline by VND300 billion.
Bank for Investment and Development of Vietnam (BIDV) has restructured debts for more than 3,300 customers and exempted and reduced interest rates on existing loans by 0.5-1.2% per annum. BIDV has recently announced a personal credit package of up to VND50 trillion, designed for business operations, effective from May 6, 2020 to September 30, 2020, to replace the previous credit package of VND30 trillion. With this new loan package, customers can enjoy more attractive interest rates with flexible terms, suitable to each business production loan demand. Specifically, customers are entitled to an interest rate of only 6% per annum for loans carrying a maturity term of less than six months and only from 6.5% for loans of 6-12 months.
Vietnam Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Agribank) has reduced interest rates for 27,500 customers borrowing VND45,165 billion. Specifically, the lender has exempted interest rates for 500 customers borrowing VND5,165 billion and lowered the interest rate pm VND40 trillion for 27,000 customers.
Vietnam Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Industry and Trade (VietinBank) has also cut interest rates by 2-2.5% for essential fields as compared to commercial rates. Other cases are enjoying a reduction by 0.5-1.5%, depending on the extent of damage they suffered from the epidemic.
Like the four State-owned banks, private lenders also offered soft loans to businesses to expand business operations.
Ho Chi Minh City Development Bank (HDBank) has launched an additional package of VND10,000 billion, with the annualized interest rate 2-4% lower, for individuals and small businesses. Nam A Bank has further reduced the interest rate by 2-2.5% per annum for customers affected by the epidemic. Orient Commercial Joint Stock Bank (OCB) and Construction Bank (CB) has also cut the lending rate by 2% as compared to normal commercial rates. Besides, CB provides free property evaluation and refunds prepaid fees when the loan term reaches three years.
Negative credit growth
Banks also face hardships when companies are in trouble.
According to statistics, credit growth inched up only 1.3% in the first quarter and slipped 0.5% in the first half of April 2020. As of mid-April 2020, the growth of outstanding loans nationwide was only 0.8%.
The sharp decline in credit was attributed to weakened credit demands of companies, not only in Vietnam but in many countries in the world where social distancing measures were exercised, consumption and export dropped, input supplies and output markets shrank. Companies focused on taking loans, repaying debts and had no need to borrow money.
Many banks have offered soft loans to support corporate customers to sustain business operations. However, banks can hardly boost credit growth in the current tough context.
According to statistics, VietinBank’s total assets reached VND1,220 trillion as of the end of March, down 1.46% from the beginning of the year. In particular, outstanding loans declined by 1.25% to VND923.623 trillion. Deposits grew slightly by VND2.9 trillion to VND 895.750 trillion.
In the first three months, Saigonbank’s deposits slipped by 0.8% to VND15,543 billion while its credit growth dipped 2.3% to VND14,215 billion. The lender’s total assets dropped by nearly 11% to VND20,308 billion.
Military Bank (MB) reported that its total assets declined more than 1% to VND406,802 billion in the year to March 2020. Its loans fell by 1.3% to VND244,072 billion while its deposits slumped 12% to VND240,737 billion.
By the end of March 2020, the total assets of the National Bank (NCB) plummeted more than 12% to VND70,458 billion. Its loans to customers shrank by 0.27% to VND37,806.6 billion while its customer deposits rose by 2.4% to VND60,547 billion.
Notably, despite slow credit growth, nonperforming loans (NPL) did not pick up. The State Bank of Vietnam admitted that the NPL ratio certainly increased in any case. The best scenario will occur if the epidemic is controlled at the beginning of the second quarter of 2020, the bad debt ratio will be at 2.9-3.2% by the end of the second quarter and 2.6-3% by the end of 2020.
Therefore, slowing credit growth seriously affects banks’ profitability but they will not increase credit at all costs because there are so many lessons in the past. If they accept unconditional or substandard loans in the current risky context, their system will be placed at risk.
Vietnam’s GDP growth is forecast at 3.1% in 2020 before rebounding to 7% next year, while ASEAN+3 growth is predicted to sink to 0% in 2020, according to the ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO).
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