This means for the first few years of EVFTA's implementation, most local garment and footwear products will not benefit from the EVFTA because MFN rates for those products are higher than GSP rates of 9 per cent for garment products and 3-4 per cent for footwear products at present.
Nguyễn Văn Tuấn, chairman of the Việt Nam Cotton and Spinning Association, told Thời Báo Kinh Doanh (Business Times) newspaper that while the yarn and apparel segments had grown strongly, others like dyeing were poorly developed, causing a bottleneck.
"More and more companies come to Vietnam ... In the foreseeable future, we do foresee a shortage of labour and even fierce competition for hiring staff there," Makalot chairman and CEO Frank Chou told Nikkei Asian Review, adding the company would now focus on Indonesia, which he expects to become its most significant production base in three to five years.
The improvement of the legal framework has been a boost to the market's performance. In the first six years of operation, there were only 169 companies on UPCoM with average daily trading value of VND15 billion (US$544,300).
The textile and garment industry may fail to take tariff advantage from the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the Vietnam-EU Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) as it cannot tackle the issue of local materials. Meanwhile, the Government and local authorities are still undecided over the planning for the industry.
Việt Nam’s garment and textile sector is set to expand its market share globally, taking advantage of free trade agreements (FTAs) to become “a manufacturer of the world's established brands”, a trade and investment official has said.
With an export target of US$40 billion set for 2019, this year is considered an important year for Vietnam's textile and garment industry in two potential export markets: Canada and Australia. Vietnam currently holds 4-5% market share in these markets. However, there are still many hurdles that the industry needs to overcome to capitalize on opportunities in CPTPP.
Many textile and garment enterprises have improved operations to prepare themselves for the list on the stock market. Sông Hồng Garment JSC debuted on the Hồ Chí Minh Stock Exchange (HoSE) in late November by listing more than 47.6 million shares with the code MSH.